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   Table of Contents - Current issue
April-June 2022
Volume 54 | Issue 2
Page Nos. 37-87

Online since Thursday, August 4, 2022

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Current national and international updates on all India occupational therapists' association: Database of professionals for national health professionals register and 35th world federation of occupational therapists council meeting at Paris p. 37
Anil Kumar Srivastava
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Exploring the research priorities for occupational therapy in India: A descriptive review p. 39
Sureshkumar Kamalakannan, Lakshmanan Sethuraman, Manigandan Chockalingam, Selvaraj Samuelkamaleshkumar, Shobana Devi Moorthy, MuraliKrishnan Srinivasan, Jothikumar Ramakrishnan, Thirumugam Muthuvel, Karthik Mani
Background: Occupational therapists are considered an important workforce for the rehabilitation of persons with disabilities globally. However, in India, the profession is just beginning to gain recognition within the national and state-level systems for health care. One of the reasons for this could be the paucity of specific research related to the development of occupational therapy (OT) and its benefits to the health systems. Therefore, it is of immense public health importance to explore the priorities and gaps in OT research in India. A vast majority of the OT research in India is promoted and disseminated through the All-India Occupational Therapists Association (AIOTA) and its annual national conference (ANC). Objectives: The objective of this study is to descriptively review the conference abstracts of the AIOTA ANC published in the Indian Journal of OT (IJOT), an official publication of the AIOTA, from 2017 to 2021. Study Design: The study design was a descriptive, nonsystematic review. Methods: Review of the abstracts selected for the AIOTA ANC published in the IJOT from 2017 to 2021. A data extraction form was developed and used to synthesize data related to the clinical and demographic characteristics of OT research in India. Results: The search yielded 218 abstracts. State-level trends indicated that close to 85% of the research submissions were from four states and no submissions from the northeastern states until 2020. Nearly 60% of the abstracts were clinical research with OT interventions. About 40% of these research abstracts were related to pediatrics, followed by neurology (17%), musculoskeletal (15%), mental health (10%), and ergonomics and assistive technology (8%). There were 1%–2% of research abstracts submitted related to coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) and geriatrics. About 85% of the research abstracts were related to impairment (39%), activity limitation (26%), and social participation (22%). Conclusion: This review highlights the need for diversifying the research in OT in India. This is particularly important in relation to expanding from selected states to pan-India research and development, especially in the northeastern states. Furthermore, the focus of OT research must move beyond impairments and approach disability from the biopsychosocial perspective. It is also very important to diversify the research in OT to areas that are of public health importance such as COVID-19, geriatrics, noncommunicable diseases, and rehabilitation in health systems. Priority setting for research in OT in India is an important implication of this review.
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Development of a questionnaire on awareness about occupational therapy among health-care professionals: A cross-sectional survey p. 44
Shivani Bhardwaj, Raj Kumar Sharma, Lakshmanan Sethuraman, Amit Dwivedi
Background: Occupational therapists are recognized as essential members of the health-care team. Occupational therapy treatments are required to deliver better services and to promote a comprehensive service approach. Occupational therapy awareness is critical for providing high-quality care to all patients. There is, however, a paucity of studies aimed at determining occupational therapy awareness and knowledge. This study aimed to develop a questionnaire to assess health-care professionals' (HP's) awareness and knowledge of occupational therapy. Objectives: This study aimed to develop a reliable questionnaire to assess HP's awareness and knowledge about occupational therapy. Study Design: This study was based on a cross-sectional design. Methods: The questionnaire was created in three stages. Initially, the first stage was to do a literature review for item generation. The second stage was to circulate a draft of the questionnaire among experts for face validity, and stage three was to test the reliability of items. Results: The generated items underwent face validity by ten experts. After face validation, the final questionnaire consisting of two sections (awareness and knowledge about OT and advocacy) were circulated to fifty health-care professionals. A statistical analysis (Cronbach's alpha) was done to analyze internal consistency, which indicates α = 0.78. Conclusion: This study concludes that the questionnaire is reliable for exploring awareness and knowledge about occupational therapy.
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Gender differences in quality of life and subjective happiness in Indian Elderly: A cross-sectional survey p. 51
Sarju Moirangthem, Gita Jyoti Ojha
Background: As aging is associated with lower quality of life (QOL), it is important to determine overall QOL and its related factors among older adults. Studies have shown that gender plays an essential role in the perception of health across cultures. As very few studies has been conducted on gender disparity in the elderly in India. Thus, the study was conducted to assess the differences in QOL and subjective happiness between male and female community-dwelling elderly. Objectives: The study was conducted to assess the differences in QOL and subjective happiness between male and female community-dwelling elderly in India. Study Design: The study design involves a cross-sectional survey. Methods: The data were collected from community-dwelling elderly (>60 years of age) based on convenient sampling. QOL and subjective happiness were tested by World Health Organization QOL (WHOQOL)-BREF and the Subjective Happiness Questionnaire. Informed consent was taken before administering the study-specific questionnaire via mail, telephone, or in person. Only completed questionnaires were used. Data hence collected were analyzed. Results: The data were analyzed by descriptive analysis, whereas the differences between gender on QOL and happiness were computed using the t-test and Mann–Whitney test, respectively. Gender and educational qualification correlated with QOL measure WHOQOL (P = 0.05; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.014, 0.527). Furthermore, a positive correlation (P = 0.01; 95% CI: 0.994, 0.998) was found between WHOQOL-BREF and the Subjective Happiness Questionnaire. For the overall QOL and general health section in WHOQOL-BREF, males scored a mean ± standard deviation (SD) of 3.825 ± 0.71 and 3.275 ± 1.15, whereas females scored a mean ± SD of 3.875 ± 0.56 and 3.35 ± 1.21. For the four domains of WHOQOL-BREF except for domain 4 (t = 2.17; 95% CI: 26.13, 28.06), mean ± SD (27.10 ± 4.35), (P = 0.033), and Subjective Happiness questionnaire, the differences in the means of elderly males and females were nonsignificant on Mann–Whitney test. Conclusion: This study shows that gender-related factors influence specific areas of QOL, such as females scoring less in physical and psychological factors, whereas scoring better than males in social relationship and environment areas.
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OTICON'2022 Abstracts p. 57

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News and Information p. 86

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