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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 96-101

Understanding daily routine and schedule of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: A qualitative study

1 Department of Paediatrics, Goa Medical College, Bambolim, Goa, India
2 Department of Orthopedics, Goa Medical College, Bambolim, Goa, India

Correspondence Address:
Divesha Shikerkar
House No. 92, Dilasa Building, Kapileshwari, Ponda - 403 401, Goa
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijoth.ijoth_26_21

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Background: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by diminished sustained attention, hyperactive and impulsive behavior and is known to have an impact on the daily routine and self-regulation of children. There is a dearth of evidence for understanding the routine of the children with ADHD and their parents, which is necessary for organizing and scheduling the routine for the better management of daily occupations. Objectives: This study aimed to understand the daily routine and schedule of children with ADHD in Goa. Study Design: A qualitative, descriptive study design was conducted. Methods: This pilot study was conducted in resource rooms and schools in Goa, India. The recruitment of 10 parents of children with ADHD was done by the convenient sampling method and parents were administered a semi-structured questionnaire and in-depth interview was undertaken to understand the children's daily routine. Results: Ten parents (mean ± standard deviation [SD] age 45.4 ± 7.97 years) of children with ADHD (mean ± SD age 9.5 ± 1.85 years) participated in this study. The study understood and described in depth the extent of the organized schedule and routine present, child's home and school routine and schedule, how the routine of the child affects the child and the family in terms of their socialization and how important is a routine for the family. Conclusion: The study inferred that the parents of children with ADHD have difficulty in managing the daily routine of their child at home as well as in school, including the self-care routine, meal-time, bed-time routine, and study schedule. The study helped understand the importance of an organized routine with a well-defined structure in the daily life to carry out timely meaningful occupations.

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