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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 50  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 98-102

Effectiveness of visual schedule in combination with sensory-integration therapy for developing self-care in children with autism

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, KMCH College of Occupational Therapy, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Associate Professor & HOD, Department of Occupational Therapy, SVNIRTAR, Cuttack, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sailendri Dash
Assistant Professor, KMCH College of Occupational Therapy, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu - 641 014
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0445-7706.244553

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Background: Developmental disorders like autism are heterogeneous and lifelong disorder which will have mild-to-severe limitations for which they rely heavily on others for support in self-care, daily living, employment, relation, and overall independent living. Objectives: The aim of this study is to explore the effect of visual scheduling for developing self-care in children with autism and to incorporate the visual scheduling as a therapeutic intervention in combination with sensory integration therapy (SIT). Study Design: This was pretest–posttest control group design. Methods: Convenient sample of 32 children with autism were screened with childhood autism rating scale (CARS) were allotted to experimental and control group. The pretest score was taken using Wee-FIM, after that, both groups underwent 12 weeks of intervention. Experimental group followed conventional therapy (SIT) along with visual schedule protocol of self-care and control group followed conventional therapy and the culture-based rearing techniques. The potential impact of the program on participation was assessed as post Wee-FIM score. Results: The present study aimed at knowing the effectiveness of the combined approach of visual schedule and SIT for increasing self-care in children with autism. Statistical analysis shows that there is a significant difference between both groups after posttest. Result shows the change in mean score 25.56–40.43. Moreover, the result is highly significant at the level of P = 0.00 (95% confidence interval). Conclusions: This study shows the combined effect of visual schedule and SIT is an effective intervention to improve self-care activities in children with autism.

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